Online video Fungi & Global Challenges by Webmaster CBS News 05/11/2016 11:20:52

13 April the KNAW public symposium “Fungi & Global Challenges” was held. Speakers David Denning and Sarah Gurr, 2 international experts, presented their view on the dangers of fungi, but also the possibilities we have of keeping them under control.

Anne van Diepeningen, openingswoord symposium Schimmels from KNAW on Vimeo.

David Denning from KNAW on Vimeo.

Sara Gurr from KNAW on Vimeo.


Prof. dr. Pedro Crous, Director of the CBS-KNAW, has been invited by the Mycological Society of India (MSI), to be an Honorary Member of the Mycological Society of India. Prof. Crous gladly accepted this invitation.

About the Mycological Society of India (MSI)

MSI is a scientific body constituted for the advancement in the subject of Mycology, the study of Fungi including mushrooms, molds, truffles, yeasts, lichens, plant pathogens, and medically important Fungi. The Society was founded in January 1973 by a team of Mycologists led by Professor C.V. Subramanian, Former Director, C.A.S. in Botany, University of Madras, Chennai, India, with a view to bring together Mycologists of the country and with the broad objectives of promoting development of Mycology in India in all the prospects and in the widest perspective. 

Other Honorary Members of the Mycological Society of India were great mycologists such as Prof. Gunnar Degelius from Sweden, Prof.  Robert Kühner from France, Prof. Cecil Terence Ingold from the UK, Prof. John Nathaniel Couch from the USA and

Dr. Geoffrey Clough Ainsworth  from the UK .

MSI website: for more details.


Jury praises uniquesness and originalaty of world's only microbe museum.

Press Release

The silent invasion of the killer fungus by Webmaster CBS News 04/26/2016 18:19:12

The threat of fungal infections has become severe enough to be addressed at two major conferences this spring, the second of which starts tomorrow. This second event is part of the yearly spring meeting organized by the CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre in Utrecht: Fungi and Global Challenges. It will be held at the Royal Dutch Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW) in Amsterdam, April 14 and 15. Elsevier Publisher Dr. Sheba Agarwal-Jans, who has a PhD in molecular biology and genetics, writes about the issue and presents related research.

Elsevier article Fungi and Global Challenges

Meet the Professor Day by Webmaster CBS News 04/26/2016 18:19:12

Utrecht University celebrates her 380th Dies Natalis this year. On 30 March Professors of the Utrecht University stepped on their bikes, wearing their official togas, to visit primary schools to teach children about science for “Meet the Professor day". Prof. Dr. Ir. Ronald P. De Vries of the CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre was one of them. Both Ronald and the children of Group 8 of the Paulusschool in Utrecht had a great time!

More info



Fungal Futures exhibition in Utrecht Museum by Webmaster CBS News 04/26/2016 18:19:12

An exhibition about our Upcoming Future.
Shaped by novel materials and processes relying on the fundamental role of fungal micro- organisms.
A historical greenhouse, filled with projects envisioning novel advancements and potentially near futures, while re-imagining the way in which our domestic and social life will morph during the next decades.

The meeting was opened by Minister jet Bussemaker, minister of Education, Culture and Science.

The meeting in effect was a merger of Education, culture and science


Article Article PDF






Jan Dijksterhuis Volkskrant by Webmaster CBS News 04/26/2016 18:19:12


Professorship at University of Helsinki by Webmaster de Vries Group 02/18/2016 12:05:39
As of March 1st 2016 Ronald de Vries has been appointed as visiting professor at University of Helsinki, Finland.
CAS visit to CBS Friday 11 December 2015 by Webmaster CBS News 04/26/2016 18:19:12


On Friday December 11th, a delegation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, led by the vice president Professor Zhang Yaping, visited the CBS-KNAW.

The delegation consisted of:

  1. Professor Zhang Yaping, VP CAS  
  2. Mrs. Wu Yan, Dir. European affairs division CAS
  3. Mrs. Wang Dongyao, Dep. Dir. Division of European Programmes CAS
  4. Mr. Zhang Xinmin, science attaché of the Chinese ambassy The Hague (representative Ministry of Science & Technology)  
  5. Mr. Berry Bonenkamp, NWO senior policy advisor
  6. Mrs. Marianne van Driel, policy advisor KNAW China desk
  7. Mrs. Annemarie Montulet, coordinator KNAW China desk

First of all the delegation was given a warm welcome by Prof. Pedro W. Crous of the CBS-KNAW. Then the group leaders of the CBS presented their research to the delegation with a short talk each, highlighting their research and showing examples of their cooperation with CAS. After that the delegation were shown the CBS collection of fungi by Dr. Gerard Verkley and Dr. Marizeth Groenewald.

At the end of the tour drinks and bites were served to the delegation and CBS employees.






Black Yeast Workshop by Webmaster Other Meetings 02/06/2016 19:02:14

September15-16 2016

Black Yeast Workshop

Venue: University of Tuscia, Viterbo, Italy


Contact: Laura Selbmann; e-mail:

19th International Botanical Congress by Webmaster Other Meetings 02/06/2016 19:00:47

July23-29 2017

19th International Botanical Congress

Venue: Shenzhen, China


19th International Botanical Congress

Shenzhen, China


July2-6 2018

20th Congress of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology (ISHAM)

Venue: RAI Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands




11th International Mycological Congress (IMC11) by Webmaster Other Meetings 02/06/2016 18:58:52

July15-20 2018

11th International Mycological Congress (IMC11)

Venue: San Juan, Puerto Rico


Contact: Sharon A. Cantrell Rodríguez; e-mail:


The 31st meeting of the KNPV working group on Fusarium by Webmaster CBS Meetings 02/24/2016 10:18:47
October 26 2016

Venue: CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre, Utrecht, Uppsalalaan 8, The Netherlands.

The 31st meeting of the KNPV working group on Fusarium will be held on Wednesday the 26th of October 2016, in Utrecht, the Netherlands. The meeting will focus mainly on Dutch and Belgian research on Fusarium, ranging from agricultural problems to clinical infections. Contributions are welcome. For more information contact Dr. Anne van Diepeningen (


CME activity 'The New Dermatophytes' by Webmaster CBS Meetings 02/24/2016 10:35:10
October 28 2016 Registration

Venue: CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre, Utrecht, Uppsalalaan 8, The Netherlands.

CME activity ‘The New Dermatophytes’

On Friday, 28 October, 2016 the CBS, in cooperation with the Scientia Akademie, organizes a one-day course to familiarize the user with the new taxonomy of dermatophytes, and with recently described and emerging species. The clinical aspects of dermatophyte infections will be presented, followed by an explanation of the molecular background which has led to a new taxonomic system. Molecular tools for rapid species recognition will be introduced. During the afternoon session, some common as well as some new species will be shown by hands-on microscopy. The course will be given at the CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands. For participation,  A detailed program will be available soon.  

October 29-30 2016 Registration

Venue: CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre, Utrecht, Uppsalalaan 8, The Netherlands.
Registration is free but compulsory


The ISHAM Working Group Dermatophytes has planned a workshop on the latest developments in fundamental and clinical aspects of dermatophytes on 29 and 30 October, 2016. The workshop will cover recent genomic and phylogenetic data, taxonomic changes, epidemiology, exceptional case presentations, and novel methods for species recognition. Venue is the auditorium of the CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands. The workshop is open at no cost for anyone interested in dermatophytes, but registration is compulsory. Deadline for registration is 15 September 2016. We invite anyone to present their latest results; please contact Sybren de Hoog to be enlisted in the program.

See you in Utrecht! The organisers

CBS Laboratory Manual Series 2 by Webmaster Laboratory Manual Series 03/23/2016 09:23:43

No Longer Available Food and Indoor Fungi
Editor(s): R.A. Samson, J. Houbraken, U. Thrane, J.C. Frisvad & B. Andersen
Details: 390 pp., fully illustrated with more than 180 full colour pictures (A4 format), Hardcover., 2010
Price: € 70,-

This book is the second in the new CBS Laboratory Manual Series and is based on the seventh edition of INTRODUCTION TO FOOD AND AIRBORNE FUNGI. This new version, FOOD AND INDOOR FUNGI, has been transformed into a practical user’s manual to the most common micro-fungi found in our immediate environment – on our food and in our houses. The layout of the book starts at the beginning with the detection and isolation of food borne fungi and indoor fungi in chapters 1 and 2, describing the different sampling techniques required in the different habitats. Chapter 3 deals with the three different approaches to identification: morphology, genetics and chemistry. It lists cultivation media used for the different genera and describes step by step how to make microscope slides and tape preparations for morphological identification. The chapter also describes how to do molecular and chemical identification from scratch, how to evaluate the results and warns about pitfalls. Chapter 4 gives all the identification keys, first for the major phyla (Ascomycetes, Basidiomycetes and Zygomycetes) common on food and indoors, then to the different genera in the Zygomycetes and the Ascomycetes, with a large section on the anamorphic fungi and a section for yeasts. The section on anamorphic fungi contains two keys to the different genera: a dichotomous key and a synoptic key. For each genus a key to the species treated is provided, followed by entries on the different species. For each species colour plates are accompanied by macro- and a micro-morphological descriptions, information on molecular and chemical identification markers, production of mycotoxins, habitats and physiological and ecological characteristics. The book is concluded with an extensive reference list and appendices on the associated mycobiota on different food types and indoor environments, mycotoxins and other secondary metabolites, a glossary on the mycological terms used in the book and lastly a detailed appendix on the media used for detection and identification.

CBS Laboratory Manual Series 1 by Webmaster Laboratory Manual Series 02/06/2016 18:28:27

OrderFungal Biodiversity
Editor(s): P.W. Crous, G.J.M. Verkley, J.Z. Groenewald & R.A. Samson
Details: 270 pp., fully illustrated with colour pictures (A4 format), Hardcover, 2009
Price: € 50,-

This book is the first in the new “CBS Laboratory Manual Series”, and focuses on techniques for isolation, cultivation, molecular and morphological study of fungi and yeasts. It has been developed as a general text, which is based on the annual mycology course given at the CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre (Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures). It provides an introductory text to systematic mycology, starting with a concise treatise of Hyphochytridiomycota and Oomycota, which have long been subject of study by mycologists, but are now classified in the Kingdom Chromista. These are followed by sections on the groups of “true fungi”: Chytridiomycota, Zygomycota, Ascomycota and Basidiomycota.  This descriptive part is illustrated by figures of life-cycles and schematic line-drawings as well as photoplates depicting most of the structures essential for the study and identification of these fungi. Special attention is given to basic principles of working with axenic cultures, good morphological analysis, and complicated issues for beginners such as conidiogenesis and the understanding of life-cycles. Exemplar taxa for each of these fungal groups, in total 37 mostly common species in various economically important genera, are described and illustrated in detail. In a chapter on general methods a number of basic techniques such as the preparation and choice of media, microscopic examination, the use of stains and preparation of permanent slides, and herbarium techniques are explained.  Further chapters deal with commonly used molecular and phylogenetic methods and related identification tools such as BLAST and DNA Barcoding, fungal nomenclature, ecological groups of fungi such as soil-borne and root-inhabiting fungi, water moulds, and fungi on plants and of quarantine importance. Some topics of applied mycology are also treated, including fungi in the air- and indoor environment and fungi of medical importance. Common mycological terminology is explained in a glossary, with reference to illustrations in the book. A chapter providing more than 60 mycological media for fungal cultivation, and a comprehensive list of cited references are also provided. The book is concluded with an index, and dendrograms reflecting our current understanding of the evolutionary relationships within the Fungi.

Download pdf Review
CBS Biodiversity Series 14 by Webmaster Biodiversity Series 02/06/2016 18:22:31

Order Philatelic Mycology: Families Of Fungi
Authors: Walter F.O. Marasas, Hendrieka M. Marasas, Michael J. Wingfield & Pedro W. Crous.
Details: 107 pages, Full colour, Hardcover, bound, April 2014
Price: € 40,-

ISBN: 978-90-70351-99-1

Philately, the study of postage stamps, and mycology, the study of fungi, are seldom connected by those that practice these very different activities. When associated, philatelic mycology would be considered as the study of fungi on stamps. The Fungi touch every aspect of our daily lives, most importantly as the ultimate degraders of organic tissue. They occur in every conceivable environment and importantly, they represent a huge proportion of the yet undiscovered biodiversity on earth. Fungi vary greatly in morphology, ranging from minute, inconspicuous organisms to the large mushrooms and bracket fungi on trees. They also include a wide variety of biological functions such as being human, animal and plant pathogens, saprobes as well as symbionts and mutualists in fascinating and largely unexplored interactions. Fungi also form an important component of our daily diet allowing bread to rise, bringing zest to cheeses, adding alcohol and gas to beers and wines and many are simply delicious in their own right. In this book, the fungi are classified in two major phyla, e.g. Ascomycota (ascopores in asci; the sac fungi) and Basidiomycota (basidiospores on basidia; mushrooms, bracket fungi, puffballs, rusts and smuts). The book catalogues 1000 stamps depicting fungi from various countries. Unusually for philately, these stamps are organised mycologically and thus based on the current phylogenetic classification of the fungi depicted on them. In many cases information is provided regarding the biology of the fungi, the countries in which they occur and the derivations (etymology) of their names. While perhaps somewhat eclectic, this book is a celebration of the beauty of the fungi and the art of philately.

Key Words: Fungi, mycology, philately, phylogenetic classification

CBS Biodiversity Series 13 by Webmaster Biodiversity Series 02/06/2016 18:21:05

OrderCultivation and Diseases of Proteaceae: Leucadendron, Leucospermum and Protea
Authors: Pedro W. Crous, Sandra Denman, Joanne E. Taylor, Lizeth Swart, Carolien M. Bezuidenhout, Lynn Hoffman, Mary E. Palm and Johannes Z. Groenewald
Details: 360 pages, Full colour, Hardcover, bound, June 2013
Price: € 75,-


Proteaceae represent a prominent family of flowering plants in the Southern Hemisphere.  Because of their beauty, unique appearance, and relatively long shelf life, Proteaceae cut-flowers have become a highly desirable crop for the export market.  The cultivation of Proteaceae is a thriving industry that provides employment in countries where these flowers are grown, often in areas that are otherwise unproductive agriculturally.  Diseases cause a loss in yield, and also limit the export of these flowers due to strict phytosanitary regulations.  In this publication the fungi that cause leaf, stem and root diseases on Leucadendron, Leucospermum and Protea are treated.  Data are provided pertaining to the taxonomy, identification, host range, distribution, pathogenicity, molecular characteristics and control of these pathogens.  Taxonomic descriptions and illustrations are provided and keys are included to distinguish species in genera where a number of species affect Proteaceae.  Disease symptoms are described and colour photographs are included.  Where known, factors that affect disease epidemiology are discussed.  Disease management strategies are also presented that will assist growers and advisors in making appropriate choices for reducing disease in specific areas.  Information is also provided relating to crop improvement, cultivation techniques, harvesting and export considerations.  Further development and expansion of this industry depends on producing and obtaining disease-free germplasm from countries where these plants are indigenous.  For that reason it is important to document the fungi that occur on Proteaceae, and to establish the distribution of these fungi.  These data are essential for plant quarantine services for use in risk assessments.

Key Words: canker pathogens, cultivation, cut-flower industry, disease control, foliicolous pathogens, harvesting, Leucandendron, Leucospermum, phytosanitary regulations, Protea, Proteaceae, root rot, wilt.